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Bharatpur National Park : western india

One of the finest bird parks in the world, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a reserve that offers protection to faunal species as well. Keoladeo, the name is derived from an ancient Hindu temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, which stands at the centre of the park.

'Ghana' means dense, referring to the thick forest, which used to cover the area. Nesting indigenous water-birds as well as migratory water birds and waterside birds, this sanctuary is also inhabited by Sambar, Chital, Nilgai and Boar.

While many of India's parks have been developed from the hunting preserves of princely India, Keoladeo, popularly known as Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary, is perhaps the only case where the habitat has been created by a maharaja.

In earlier times, Bharatpur town used to be flooded regularly every monsoon. In 1760, an earthen dam (Ajan Dam) was constructed, to save the town, from this annual vagary of nature. The depression created by extraction of soil for the dam was cleared and this became the Bharatpur Lake.

The major attractions for tourists visiting the park are the numerous migratory birds, which come from as far away as Siberia and Central Asia and spend their winters in Bharatpur, before returning to their breeding grounds. Migratory birds at Bharatpur bird sanctuary include, several species of Cranes, Pelicans, Geese, Ducks, Eagles, Hawks, Shanks, Stints, Wagtails, Warblers, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Buntings, Larks and Pipits, etc.

Location
District Bharatpur , Rajasthan India.
Nearest Rail Head
Bharatpura
Nearest Airport
Delhi / Jaipur
Area
29.50 km (Combining Core and buffer forest)
Vegetation
Tropical moist deciduous, dry deciduous and scrub
Established
1956 as a Bird Sanctuary and 1982 as a National Park
Major Wildlife Attractions
Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Boar, Migratory Birds (species of Cranes, Pelicans, Geese, Ducks, Eagles, Hawks, Shanks, Stints, Wagtails, Warblers, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Buntings, Larks and Pipits, etc.)
Best Time to visit
November to June