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Gir National Park : Western India

Gir National Park is an important protected area in Asia and is the home of the pure Asiatic Lions. The second most important predator in this region is the Leopard. The park is located in the south west of Gujarat, India. To be precise, it is 65 km south east of Junagadh and 60 km south west of Amreli. The Asiatic lion once had a wide range in natural territory running from NW India through Persia to Arabia. But unfortunately hunted as a coveted trophy item during the British Raj era, it is now only found in the Gir forest of Gujarat.

The Gir - The largest compact tract of dry deciduous forests in the semi-arid western part of India is the last abode of the big and regal predator the Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica), an endangered species.

The sanctuary is internationally acclaimed for successfully saving this precious species from the brink of extinction. It was declared as a sanctuary in 1965. Subsequently, an area of 258.71 sq. km. was declared as a National Park.

The Gir Forest falls under the Very Dry Teak Forest Classification. It has 507 different species of plant in the region. The count of 2,375 distinct fauna species of Gir includes about 38 species of mammals, around 300 species of birds, 37 species of reptiles and more than 2,000 species of insects. The main herbivores of Gir are Chital, Nilgai (or Bluebull), Sambar, Four-horned Antelope, Chinkara and Wild boar.

Blackbucks from the surrounding area are sometimes seen in the sanctuary.

Junagadh District and Amreli District Gujarat, India
Nearest Rail Head
Junagadh Amreli
Nearest Airport
Rajkot , Diu
1,412 Sq. Km
Tropical dry deciduous, thorn scrublands, semi-evergreen riverine flora
Major Wildlife Attractions
Asiatic Lion, Indian Leopard, Sloth bear, chousingha, nilgai
Best Time to visit
November to May