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Shukla Phanta National Park : southern central Nepal

"This is the first National Park of Nepal established in 1973 to preserve a unique eco system significantly valuable to the whole world. The Park covering the protected area of 932 Sq. Km. is situated in the subtropical inner Terai lowlands of southern central part of Nepal. The Park gained much wider recognition in the world when UNESCO included this area on the list of World Heritage Site in 1984. It should also be emphasized that only a very small part of the national park is used for tourism.

The great majority of the land, particularly in the hills, remains unvisited and therefore undisturbed. This is ideal for wildlife, and also preserves an element of mystery for humans; because large areas are still unexplored, our knowledge of what birds and animals the park contains is by no means finalized, and there is always the possibility of making new discoveries."

The riverine flood plain of the reserve comprises hill wash and alluvial deposits. More than 33 percent of the reserve is covered by Sal (Shorea robusta) and other mixed forest. There are extensive grassland called phanta in Nepal. The biggest grassland is called Sukla Phanta. Several other extensive grasslands are separated bt the patches of the forest. A small lake called Rani Talk (Lake) lies on the eastern side of the reserve and it is the most fascinating area for the water birds and migratory birds. There are also several water-logged area known as dhap or swampy ground covered by reed and tall grasses.

Location
Far western Terai in Kanchanpur District in Mahakali zone.
Nearest Rail Head:
 
Nearest Airport:
Dhangadi / Kathmandu
Area
305 Sq. km (Combining Core and buffer forest)
Vegetation
Tropical moist deciduous, dry deciduous and scrub
Established
1973
Major Wildlife Attractions
Tigers, Rhinos, Crocodiles, Wild elephants and Nepal’s largest population of swamp deer (currently numbering around 2000) as well as large numbers of migratory birds)
Best Time to visit
November to June